An iconic, Italian tour de force, Arturo Toscanini was considered to be one of the greatest conductors of the early 20th century.
Toscanini was born in Italy on March 25, 1867. Growing up, he studied the cello at the conservatory in Parma. At 19 and throughout Toscanini’s twenties, his skills and recognition as a conductor surpassed his talent in playing the cello. In 1896 Toscanini conducted his first symphonic concert. In 1989 he was made musical director of La Scala in Milan. In 1908 he became director of the Metropolitan Opera in New York.
Toscanini was an intense, recognized conductor in both Europe and The United States, and he often traveled between the two entities. Between 1926 and 1936 Toscanini performed with the New York Philharmonic-Symphony Orchestra on a global, critically-acclaimed tour.
Toscanini actively opposed Fascism and upon the outbreak of WWII, Toscanini departed Italy, fleeing from Mussolini’s regime. In 1937 he began conducting the NBC Symphony Orchestra, which was created specifically for Toscanini. Toscanini’s last concert was with the NBC Symphony Orchestra at Carnegie Hall on April 4, 1954. As a supporter of the Italian Welfare League, Toscanini performed concerts to benefit the league’s efforts. Toscanini was married to Carla De Martini. He had two sons, Walter and Giorgio, and two daughters, Wally and Wanda. Arturo Toscanini died in New York on January 16, 1957, leaving behind a musical legacy.
Biography.com Editors. “Arturo toscanini Biography.com”. (2014). Retrieved from http://www.biography.com/people/arturo-toscanini-21449193
The Editors of Encyclopedia Britannica. “Arturo toscanini.” (2010). Retrieved from https://www.britannica.com/biography/Arturo-Toscanini
New York Philharmonic. “Arturo toscanini”. (2017). Retrieved from https://nyphil.org/about-us/artists/arturo-toscanini